The establishment of Yogyakarta palace went through a very long process. It was starting by the existence of Ki Ageng Pemanahan, son of Ki Ageng Ngenis and grandson of Ki Ageng Selo. In 1558 AD he received a land in Mataram territory given by Sultan Pajang for being able to defeat Arya Penangsang. In 1557, Ki Ageng Pemanahan builds his palace around Kotagede area. During his life Ki Ageng Pemanahan was being loyal to Sultan Pajang. He died in 1584. Sultan Pajang appointed Sutawijaya to replace his father, Ki Ageng Pamanahan, and became the ruler of Mataram.
However, Sutawijaya refused to be submissive toward Sultan Pajang. He wanted to expand his territory which covers the whole Java Island. It made Sultan Pajang angry and wanted to take back the Mataram Kingdom in 1587. At that time, Mount Merapi was erupting then destroyed and killed Sultan Pajang’s army who want to attack Sutawijaya. Sutawijaya himself was survived from the eruption. One year later, in 1558, Mataram was established with Sutawijaya as the king. He became king with title Senapati Ingalaga Sayidin Panagatama or widely known as Panembahan Senopati which has meaning as a war commander and the regulator of religious life.
Panembahan Senopati ruled until he passed away in 1601. He was replaced by his son Mas Jolang or widely known as Panembahan Seda Krapyak. The next king was Pangeran Arya Martapura in 1613. Because he was often sick, he was replaced by his brother Raden Mas Rangsang whose title was Sultan Agung Senapati Ingalaga Adurrahman or called Prabu Pandita Hanyakrakusuma or widely known as Sultan Agung Hanyakrakusuma. During his governance, Mataram experienced a lot of progress in politics, military, arts, literatures and religion. The philosophy and astronomy sector were also studied. After Sultan Agung died in 1645, he was replaced by his son Amangkurat I. During his governance, Mataram was starting to decline because of inner conflicts between the families. At that moment, the VOC make used of the time and began to do their politics. As a result, in 13 February 1755, Giyanti agreement was made. The agreement’s content was the division of Mataram Kingdom into two parts. The eastern part belonged to Kasunanan Surakarta and the western part belonged to Kasultanan Yogyakarta. For the first time after Giyanti Agreement, Pangeran Mangkubumi became the King of Kasultanan Yogyakarta whose title was Sunan Hamengku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga Abdulrakhman Sayidin Panagatama Khalifatullah or widely known as Sultan Hamengku Buwono I.
What to See & Do
Built upon 1.3 square miles, the Palace was built using Javanese cosmology concept. It means that nature are divided into three parts, the above is the place for the God, the middle part is the place for human being, and the below part is the place where the evil exist. The above part and the below part are divided into three parts. The whole parts consist of 7 parts in total. They are:
North square (alun-alun) area until North Siti Hinggil Area, Keben or north Kemandungan, Sri Manganti, The center of the Palace, Kemagangan, South Kemandungan and South square (alun-alun) until South Siti Hinggil.
Meanwhile, the layout of the palace is based on the concentric pattern, such as:
The outside layer: there are North and South square (alun-alun) with each attributes. North square (alun-alun) has the Great Mosque, Pekapalan, Pagelaran and market that formed catur gatara tunggal. South Square (alun-alun) with its Kepatihan’s Elephant cage as bureaucracy infrastructure and fort as military infrastructure.
Second layer: Siti Hinggil is a yard which court is heightened. It can be found in the north and south side. The north Siti Hinggil has Witana ward and Manguntur Tangkil ward to hold the state ceremonies. While the south Siti Hinggil is used by the soldiers for training. The last part of the second layer is a path surrounds Siti Hinggil called supit urang/ pamengkang.
The third layer: north and south Kemandhungan yard. This is the transition place to the center. In the north Kemandhungan there is Pancaniti ward used by the Sultan to trial certain case. Other than that, it functions as a waiting place for the courtiers before they meet the Sultan.
The fourth layer: it consists of Sri Manganti yard and Sri Manganti ward as a place for waiting before the courtiers meet the Sultan. In this section, there is also Trajumas ward in the north of Kemagangan yard and Kemagangan ward in the south side.
The last layer is the center called Kedaton yard which consists of Tratag, Pendhopo and Pringgitan Dalem.
A gate and a fort were built as the connector between each yard. There are 9 gates in total. Each has its own name; they are Pangurakan gate, Brajanala gate, Srimanganti gate, Danapratapa gate, Kemagangan gate, Gadung Mlathi gate, Kamandhungan gate, Gadhing gate, and Tarub Agung gate.
Admission Fee & Visitors Info
The entrance fee costs IDR 12,500 per person.
There is no certain fare for the guide. You are free to give them whatever amount you can afford.
The Palace can be visited at 8am to 2pm.
Art performances is held daily except Tuesday. The performances start at 9.30 am.
All prices are subject to change without prior notice.
How to Get There
By public transport: Take Trans Jogja line 1A, 2A or 3A and get off Malioboro Shelter 2. Continue by walking south for about 500 meters. You will be arrived in the Palace by crossing the North Square.
By private vehicles: Malioboro is in the central part of Yogya. It can be reached from every direction in town.
The Royal Palace is situated in Alun-Alun Utara Street, Yogyakarta City.
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